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World-Wide Cancer Mortality Trends

 

Background for data

The cancer mortality data have been collated by Kurihara et al. (1989) from available files of the World Health Organization (WHO) except for those from the US which were derived from Vital Statistics of the United States (Kurihara et al. , 1989). The data were made available by courtesy of Prof. Hiroshi Ogawa, Aichi Mizuho University.

The data set consists of the age-adjusted biennial mortality rates (i.e. deaths per 100,000) in 43 countries (of the 46 mentioned in the original publication) for 17 cancer sites for women and 15 cancer sites for men over the years 1968 to 1985. The classification of the diseases was based on the International Classification of Diseases, ICD (1950, 1957,1967, 1977), and the relevant list numbers corresponding to each malignant neoplasm in the 6th to 9th Revision of the ICD, as well as the years when each Revision of the ICD was used in each country, can be found in Kurihara et al. (1989) Table B and C, respectively. "The total male and female population in 46 countries around 1950 (Dr. Segi's world population) was used as a standard population in calculating age-adjusted death rates. A [.] ten-year age-group was used (for calculating age-adjusted death rates) from 1968-69 to 1984-85" (Kurihara et al , 1984, p. vii). Table 1 gives a list of the cancer sites, and the countries are listed in Table 2.

Countries with unreliable or non-existing data, for example all African countries, were excluded. Independent estimates of the measurement errors across countries and sites were not available.


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Data description

Source of the data

Kurihara M, Aoki K, Hisimachi S. (Eds.). Cancer Mortality Statistics in the World 1950-1985. Nagoya: University of Nagoya Press, 1989.

Separate data sets for men and women

Two physical records for each logical record.

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774 Rows

  • 9 Years (Table 2) nested within 43 Countries (Table 4) with 2 rows per year.

10 Columns Disease sites (Table 3) Two physical records for each logical record.

  • Total Mortality Rate + 17 Disease Sites (women)
  • Total Moratlity Rate + 15 Disease Sites (men)

Missing values are blanks.

Input format: 9F8.2


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Table 1

Start of the Female Data file

Disease Site 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Australia

1968/ 1969 98.70 1.27 1.49 8.09 13.18 3.73 0.63 1.92 4.31
0.21 4.98 2.47 19.28 7.88 6.33 1.62 0.51 4.30

1970/1971

101.50 1.16 1.62 7.12 13.72 3.65 0.73 2.09 4.32
0.21 6.53 2.68 20.10 7.85 5.95 1.54 0.56 4.19

etc.

….

Note: For males only 16 values per logical record rather than 18


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Table 2

9 Years: Biennial Rates

68/69

70/71 72/73 74/75 76/77 78/79 80/81 82/83 84/85

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Table 3

Total Rate plus 17 Disease sites (for the male data Total Rate plus 15 Disease Sites)

Sequence Number in
Female Data Set
Sequence Number in
Male Data Set
Sequence Number in
Kurihara et al.
Disease Site
1 1 1 Total Rate
2 2 2 Mouth and pharynx
3 3 3 Oesophagus
4 4 4 Stomach
5 5 5 Intestines, except rectum
6 6 6 Rectum and rectosigmoid junction
7 7 7 Liver
8 8 8 Gall bladder and bile ducts
9 9 9 Pancreas
10 10 10 Larynx
11 11 11 Lung, trachea, and bronchus
12 12 12 Skin
13 13 Breast
14 14 Uterus (all parts)
15 15 Ovary, fallopian tube and broad ligament
13 16 Prostate
16 14 17 Bladder
17 15 18 Thyroid gland
18 16 19 Leukaemia

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Table 4

43 Countries

1

Australia 16 Norway 31 German Dem. Rep.

2

Austria 17 Poland 32 Greece

3

Belgium 18 Portugal 33 Guatemala

4

Canada 19 Sweden 34 Hong Kong

5

Chile 20 Switzerland 35 Hungary

6

Denmark 21 England & Wales 36 Mexico

7

Finland 22 Northern Ireland 37 Philippines

8

France 23 Scotland 38 Puerto Rico

9

Fed. Rep. of Germany 24 US-White 39 Romania

10

Ireland 25 US-Non-white 40 Singapore

11

Israel 26 Argentina 41 Spain

12

Italy 27 Bulgaria 42 Uruguay

13

Japan 28 Costa Rica 43 Yugoslavia

14

The Netherlands 29 Cuba

15

New Zealand 30 Czechoslovakia

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References

Coleman MP, Estève J, Damiecki P, Arslan A, Renard H. Trends in Cancer Incidence and Mortality . Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1993. IARC Scientific Publication No. 121.

Kurihara M, Aoki K, Hisimachi S, editors. Cancer Mortality Statistics in the World 1950-1985. Nagoya: University of Nagoya Press, 1989.

Kroonenberg, P. M., Murakami, T., Coebergh, J. W. (2002). Added value of three-way methods for the analysis of mortality trends illustrated with world-wide female cancer mortality (1968-1985) Statistical Methods in Medical Research., 11, 275-292.
 
Coloured versions of plots in above paper. Word document (162Kb).

Muir CS, Waterhouse JAH, Mack, T, Powell, J. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents . Vol. V Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1987. IARC Scientific Publication No. 88.

Parkin DM, Muir CS, Whelan SL, Gao, YT, Ferlay J, Powell, J. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents . Vol. VI. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1992. IARC Scientific Publication No. 120.

Parkin DM, Whelan SL, Ferlay J, Raymond L, Young, J. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents . Vol. VII . Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1997. IARC Scientific Publication No. 143.

Waterhouse JAH, Muir CS, Shanmugaratnam K, Powell, J. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents . Vol IV. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1982. IARC Scientific Publication No. 42.

World Health Organization. International Classification of Disease: 6th Revision . Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 1950.

World Health Organization. International Classification of Disease: 7th Revision . Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 1957.

World Health Organization. International Classification of Disease: 8th Revision . Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 1967.

World Health Organization. International Classification of Disease: 9th Revision . Geneva, Switzerland: WHO, 1977.

 


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First version: 9-2-2002;