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Background to the Röder Coping Data

Data analysed in: Kroonenberg, P. M. (2008). Applied multiway data analysis. Hoboken NJ: Wiley.

The original data set consisted of 392 primary school children between 8 and 12 year-old. A subset of 14 "extreme" children were selected for several of the analyses. The children were asked to react on 8 emotions and coping strategies scales for each of 6 situations. The data are arranged as "three-way rating scale data"

The complete data set as well as the data set containing the data of a group of asthmatic children can be requested from The Three-Mode Company. We also have a limited number of copies available of the Rö (2000) thesis for researchers working in the area.


Data description

Rows (1st mode): Situations

No.Abbreviation Description
1.Succee Fail to fulfill assingments in class
2.NoPart Not allowed to play with other children
3.TeacNo Forbidden to do something by the teacher
4.Bullie Victim of bullying
5.NotWrk Too much school work
6.MothNo Forbidden to do something by the mother

Columns (2nd mode): Scales

No.Abbreviation Description
1.Annoy Unpleasant
2.Sad Sad
4.Angry Angry
5.ApproaApproach coping
6.Avoid Avoidant coping
7.SupporSocial support seeking
8.AgresiEmotional reaction (esp. aggression)

Slices (3rd mode): Children

Fourteen selected children out of the total sample of 392 children.

Data arrangement

A three-way data array X = (x(i,j,k)) has the following form
                   |-----|    |i=2
              |-----|    |    |..
              |     |    |    |..
              |     |    |____|i=I=6    k=K=14
              |     |____|            k=2
              |_____|              k=1



The actual data file has the following form:

            |     |i=2
            |     |..     k= 1
            |     |..
            |     |i=2
            |     |..     k= 2
            |     |..
            |     |i=2
            |     |..     k=14
            |     |..


Thus the first mode (i) is nested in the third mode (k) and there are 6 (situations) times 14 (children) rows and 8 (scales) columns.

Data handling


The data can be centred and normalised in two different ways as is common for three-way rating scale data. For details see Kroonenberg (2008). Applied multiway data analysis. Hoboken NJ: Wiley (Chapters 6 and 14).


These data have kindly been made available for bonafide researchers by Dr. Irma Röder (previously Leiden University). Please be sure to quote her papers mentioned above and this website when using these data in a publication.

[Download the Röder Coping Data]

| Centre for Child and Family Studies | Institute of Leiden Institute of Education and Child Studies | The Three-Mode Company | Three-Mode Data Sets | TOP |
P.M. Kroonenberg
Institute of Leiden Institute of Education and Child Studies, Leiden University
Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
Tel. *-31-71-5273446/5273434 (secr.); fax *-31-71-5273945
E-mail: kroonenb at fsw.leidenuniv.nl

Created: 8-7-2009
Last Updated: 11-7-2009